
Journal of Lie Theory 21 (2011), No. 1, 079099 Copyright Heldermann Verlag 2011 Double Flag Varieties for a Symmetric Pair and Finiteness of Orbits Kyo Nishiyama Dept. of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, Fuchinobe 5101 Chuo, Sagamihara 2525258, Japan kyo@gem.aoyama.ac.jp Hiroyuki Ochiai Faculty of Mathematics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka Nishiku, Fukuoka 8190395, Japan ochiai@math.kyushuu.ac.jp [Abstractpdf] Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group over the complex number field, and $K = G^{\theta}$ be the fixed points of an involutive automorphism $\theta$ of $G$ so that $(G, K)$ is a symmetric pair. \endgraf We take parabolic subgroups $P$ and $Q$ of $G$ and $K$ respectively and consider a product of partial flag varieties $G/P$ and $K/Q$ with diagonal $K$action. The double flag variety $G/P \times K/Q$ thus obtained is said to be {\it of finite type} if there are finitely many $K$orbits on it. A triple flag variety $G/P^1 \times G/P^2 \times G/P^3$ is a special case of our double flag varieties, and there are many interesting works on the triple flag varieties. \endgraf In this paper, we study double flag varieties $G/P \times K/Q$ of finite type. We give efficient criterion under which the double flag variety is of finite type. The finiteness of orbits is strongly related to spherical actions of $G$ or $K$. For example, we show a partial flag variety $G/P$ is $K$spherical if a product of partial flag varieties $G/P \times G/\theta(P)$ is $G$spherical. We also give many examples of the double flag varieties of finite type, and for type AIII, we give a classification when $P = B$ is a Borel subgroup of $G$. Keywords: Symmetric pair, flag variety, spherical action. MSC: 14M15; 53C35, 14M17 [ Fulltextpdf (262 KB)] for subscribers only. 