
Journal of Convex Analysis 29 (2022), No. 4, 975994 Copyright Heldermann Verlag 2022 On Property(P_{1}) in Banach Spaces Teena Thomas Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, India ma19resch11003@iith.ac.in [Abstractpdf] We discuss a setvalued generalization of strong proximinality in Banach spaces, introduced by J.\,Mach [{\it Continuity properties of Chebyshev centers}, J. Approx. Theory 29/3 (1980) 223230] as property$(P_1)$. For a Banach space $X$, a closed convex subset $V$ of $X$ and a subclass $\mathcal{F}$ of the closed bounded subsets of $X$, this property, defined for the triplet $(X,V,\mathcal{F})$, describes simultaneous strong proximinality of $V$ at each of the sets in $\mathcal{F}$. We establish that if the closed unit ball of a closed subspace of a Banach space $X$ possesses property$(P_1)$ for each of the classes of closed bounded, compact and finite subsets of $X$, then so does the subspace. It is also proved that the closed unit ball of an $M$ideal in an $L_{1}$predual space satisfies property$(P_{1})$ for the compact subsets of the space. For a Choquet simplex $K$, we provide a sufficient condition for the closed unit ball of a finite codimensional closed subspace of $A(K)$ to satisfy property$(P_{1})$ for the compact subsets of $A(K)$. This condition also helps to establish the equivalence of strong proximinality of the closed unit ball of a finite codimensional subspace of $A(K)$ and property$(P_1)$ of the closed unit ball of the subspace for the compact subsets of $A(K)$. Further, for a compact Hausdorff space~$S$, a characterization is provided for a strongly proximinal finite codimensional closed subspace of $C(S)$ in terms of property$(P_{1})$ of the subspace and that of its closed unit ball for the compact subsets of $C(S)$. We generalize this characterization for a strongly proximinal finite codimensional closed subspace of an $L_{1}$predual space. As a consequence, we prove that such a subspace is a finite intersection of hyperplanes such that the closed unit ball of each of these hyperplanes satisfy property$(P_1)$ for the compact subsets of the $L_1$predual space and vice versa. We conclude this article by providing an example of a closed subspace of a nonreflexive Banach space which satisfies $1 \frac{1}{2}$ball property and does not admit restricted Chebyshev center for a closed bounded subset of the Banach space. Keywords: Property$(P_1)$, strong proximinality, restricted Chebyshev center, $L_{1}$predual, $M$ideal, $1 \frac{1}{2}$ball property. MSC: 41A65, 41A50; 52A07, 46E15. [ Fulltextpdf (177 KB)] for subscribers only. 