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Journal of Convex Analysis 21 (2014), No. 2, 401--413
Copyright Heldermann Verlag 2014

Closedness of the Set of Extreme Points in Calderon-Lozanovskii Spaces

Ewa Kasior
Institute of Mathematics, University of Szczecin, Wielkopolska 15, 70--451 Szczecin 3, Poland

Marek Wisla
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 87, 61-614 Poznan, Poland


\def\Ext{\operatorname{Ext}} \def\R{\Bbb R} It is known [see R. M. Blumenthal, J. Lindenstrauss, R. R. Phelps, {\it Extreme operators into C(K)}, Pacific Journal of Mathematics 15(3) (1965), 747-756] that a compact linear operator from a Banach space $X$ into the space of continuous functions $C(Z,\R)$ is extreme provided it is nice, i.e. $T^{*}(Z)\subset \Ext B(X^{*})$, where $Z$ is a compact Hausdorff space and $T^{*}: Z\to X^{*}$ is a continuous function defined by $T^{*}(z)(x)=T(x)(z)$. The nice operator condition can be weakened as long as the set of extreme points $\Ext B(X^{*})$ is closed, namely it suffices to assume than $T^{*}(Z_0)\subset \Ext B(X^{*})$ for some dense subset $Z_0\subset Z$ in that case. The aim of this paper is to characterize the closedness of the set of extreme points of the unit ball of Calderon-Lozanovskii spaces $E_{\varphi}$ generated by the K\"{o}the space $E$ and the Orlicz function $\varphi$. The main theorem of the paper (Theorem 2.12) gives conditions under which the closedness of the set $\Ext B(E_{\varphi})$ is equivalent to the closedness of the set of extreme points of the unit ball of the corresponding K\"{o}the space $E$.

Keywords: Calderon-Lozanovskii spaces, extreme points, compact operators, Orlicz spaces, Koethe spaces.

MSC: 46B20, 46E30

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