
Journal of Lie Theory 33 (2023), No. 1, 377432 Copyright Heldermann Verlag 2023 From Euler Elements and 3Gradings to NonCompactly Causal Symmetric Spaces Vincenzo Morinelli Department of Mathematics, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy morinell@mat.uniroma2.it KarlHermann Neeb Department Mathematik, FriedrichAlexanderUniversität, ErlangenNürnberg, Germany neeb@math.fau.de Gestur Olafsson Department of Mathematics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, U.S.A. olafsson@math.lsu.edu We discuss the interplay between causal structures of symmetric spaces and geometric aspects of Algebraic Quantum Field Theory (AQFT). The central focus is the set of Euler elements in a Lie algebra, i.e., elements whose adjoint action defines a 3grading. In the first half of this article we survey the classification of reductive causal symmetric spaces from the perspective of Euler elements. This point of view is motivated by recent applications in AQFT. In the second half we obtain several results that prepare the exploration of the deeper connection between the structure of causal symmetric spaces and AQFT. In particular, we explore the technique of strongly orthogonal roots and corresponding systems of sl_{2}subalgebras. Furthermore, we exhibit real Matsuki crowns in the adjoint orbits of Euler elements and we describe the group of connected components of the stabilizer group of Euler elements. Keywords: Euler element, causal symmetric space, cone field, invariant convex cone. MSC: 22E45, 81R05, 81T05. [ Fulltextpdf (383 KB)] for subscribers only. 