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Journal for Geometry and Graphics 11 (2007), No. 2, 223--236
Copyright Heldermann Verlag 2007

TPS Test Development and Application into Research on Spatial Abilities

Zuzana Juscáková
Dept. of Statistics, National Inst. for Education, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Renata A. Górska
Faculty of Architecture, University of Technology, Warszawska st. 24, 31-155 Krakow, Poland

TPS has been developed to provide a modern tool for measuring spatial skills of engineering students. The genesis and development of the subsequent versions of the test, starting from the TPP, through TPS1 to TPS2, will be described in this publication. The test has been administered on a representative group of students (n > 1270 subjects) at various types of schools and universities in Slovak and Czech Republics, Poland and Austria. In order to provide a reference measure between the TPS and the other tests used by psychologists as a measure of spatial abilities, standardized psychometric tests such as IST, ISA, OTRS, and MRT have been administered in the researched groups. High correlation coefficients between the listed tests and the TPS have been received. The aim for this part of the research was to validate a new tool for being able to measure spatial ability, namely the TPS, and to provide a comparative study of the test validity.

Keywords: Spatial visualization abilities, tests of space imagination, conditions of tests of abilities, measurement of space abilities, gender differences.

MSC: 51N05

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