
Journal for Geometry and Graphics 18 (2014), No. 1, 097104 Copyright Heldermann Verlag 2014 Orthogonality Relations for Tetrahedra in Elliptic and Hyperbolic Space Josef Schadlbauer Unit Geometry and CAD, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 13, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria josef.schadlbauer@uibk.ac.at HansPeter Schröcker Unit Geometry and CAD, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 13, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria hanspeter.schroecker@uibk.ac.at Two tetrahedra in Euclidean space are called orthologic if the four lines through the vertices of the first and perpendicular to the corresponding face planes of the second are concurrent. More generally, two tetrahedra are called skeworthologic if these four lines lie in a regulus (they are skew generators of a hyperboloid). These relations are symmetric, that is, also the lines through vertices of the second and perpendicular to the corresponding face planes of the first tetrahedron are concurrent or lie in a regulus. Moreover, two tetrahedra are orthologic if and only if noncorresponding edges are orthogonal (they are "antiorthogonal"). It is common to all results mentioned so far that they can be formulated exclusively in terms of incidence and orthogonality relations. This suggests to investigate them in nonEuclidean CayleyKlein geometries where incidence is given by the underlying projective structure and orthogonality is replaced by polarity with respect to a quadric. We prove the symmetry of the defining condition of orthologic and skeworthologic tetrahedra in these spaces. The theorems of orthogonal tetrahedra and orthogonal pairs of tetrahedra remain true and the notions of "antiorthogonal" and "orthologic" still coincide in nonEuclidean geometry. Keywords: Orthologic tetrahedra, skeworthologic tetrahedra, CayleyKlein geometry, absolute polarity. MSC: 51M10; 51N15 [ Fulltextpdf (656 KB)] for subscribers only. 